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  • Faithful to my Homeland, the Republic of Poland

     

  • BAGHDAD (NORTH GATE) WAR CEMETERY

  • photo: M. Faliński; Baghdad, Polish graves, In 1914, Baghdad was the headquarters of the Turkish Army in Mesopotamia. It was the ultimate objective of the Indian Expeditionary Force 'D' and the goal of the force besieged and captured at Kut in 1916. The city finally fell in March 1917, but the position was not fully consolidated until the end of April. Nevertheless, it had by that time become the Expeditionary Force's advanced base, with two stationary hospitals and three casualty clearing stations. The North Gate Cemetery was begun In April 1917 and has been greatly enlarged since the end of the First World War by graves brought in from other burial grounds in Baghdad and northern Iraq, and from battlefields and cemeteries in Anatolia where Commonwealth prisoners of war were buried by the Turks. At present, 4,142 Commonwealth casualties of the First World War are commemorated by name in the cemetery, many of them on special memorials. Unidentified burials from this period number 2,729. The cemetery also contains the grave of Lieutenant General Sir Stanley Maude, Commander-in-Chief of the Mesopotamian Expeditionary Force, who died at Baghdad in November 1917 and the memorial to the 13th Division which he commanded. A memorial to the 6th Battalion Loyal (North Lancashire) Regiment was brought into the cemetery from the banks of the Diyala River in 1947. During the Second World War, Baghdad was again an objective of Commonwealth forces. The 20th Indian Infantry Brigade reached the city from Shaiba by the Euphrates route on 12 June 1941 and the 21st Indian Infantry Brigade, part of the 13th Duke of Connaught's Own Lancers, together with the 157th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery, arrived on 19 June via the Tigris. An advanced base was established later near the city and remained in use until 1946. Most of the 296 Commonwealth servicemen of the Second World War buried in the cemetery died of illness or by accident when serving with PAIFORCE. Again, a number of the graves were brought in from other burial grounds. Within the cemetery is the Baghdad (North Gate) (Khanaqin) Memorial, commemorating 104 Commonwealth and 439 Polish servicemen of the Second World War buried in Khanaqin War Cemetery which, owing to difficulty of access, could not be properly maintained. A memorial has also been erected at Khanaqin. The North Gate Cemetery also contains 127 war graves of other nationalities from both wars, 100 of them Turkish, and 41 non-war graves. Baghdad (North Gate) War Cemetery is 800 metres beyond the North Gate of the City of Baghdad on the south-eastern side of the road to Baguba.

    photo M.Faliński; Baghdad, Polish graves

     

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    Foreign National 1939-1945

     

    • BORYSIUK, Soldier, M, 29/111. Polish Army. 23rd July 1943. Age 40. Plot XXIII Row F Grave 10
    • CZERNY, Soldier, FRYDERYK, Polish Army. 12th July 1942. Plot XXIII Row B Grave 3
    • EBERT, Soldier, E, 6/111. Polish Army. 4th June 1943. Age 39. Plot XXIII Row F Grave 5
    • GORNISIEWICZ, Soldier, T, 53/111. Polish Army. 1st August 1943. Age 37. Plot XXIII Row F Grave 11
    • GROMCZAKIEWICZ, Civilian, A, Polish Civilian. 17th November 1943. Age 35. Plot XXIII Row G Grave 2
    • HODUN, Soldier, W, Polish Army. 26th June 1942. Age 18. Plot XXIII Row A Grave 16 IWANICA, Soldier, ADOLF, Polish Army. 15th June 1942. Age 20. Plot XXIII Row A Grave 15
    • IZDEBSKI, Soldier, K, Polish Army. 9th March 1945. Age 47. Plot XXII Row K Grave 6
    • KALINOWSKI, Soldier, L, 112/111. Polish Army. 2nd September 1943. Age 38. Plot XXIII Row F Grave 17
    • KUJACH, Soldier, TEOFIL, Polish Army. 8th May 1942. Plot XXIII Row A Grave 2
    • KULAS, Soldier, JOSEF, Polish Army. 21st August 1942. Age 36. Plot XXIII Row A Grave 20
    • LOS, Soldier, PIOTR, Polish Army. 27th April 1942. Plot XXIII Row A Grave 1
    • PAWLISZAK, Soldier, W, 36/3. Polish Army. 28th January 1943. Age 34. Plot XXIII Row D Grave 7
    • RAWSKI, Soldier, ADAM, Polish Army. 9th June 1942. Plot XXIII Row A Grave 13
    • SMOLEN, Soldier, JAN, Polish Army. 6th August 1942. Age 27. Plot XXIII Row B Grave 9
    • SOKOŁOWSKI, Soldier, KAZIMIERZ, Polish Army. 25th May 1942. Plot XXIII Row A Grave 10
    • SZARANGOWICZ, Soldier, E, Polish Army. 3rd August 1943. Age 33. Plot XXIII Row F Grave 12
    • SZYDŁOWSKI, Soldier, STANISŁAW, Polish Army. 9th May 1942. Plot XXIII Row A Grave 3
    • WALCZYK, Soldier, ANTONI, Polish Army. 10th May 1942. Age 38. Plot XXIII Row A Grave 4
    • ZABORSKI, Soldier, E, 66/111. Polish Anny. 19th August 1943. Age 35. Plot XXIII Row F Grave 13
    • ZANIEWSKI, Soldier. JULIAN, Polish Army. 22nd May 1942. Plot XXIII Row A Grave 9
    • ZARAŃSKI, Soldier, S M, Polish Army. 24th February 1943. Age 36. Plot XXIII Row D Grave 17
    • ŻUKOWSKI, Soldier, P, Polish Army. 16th April 1943. Age 36. Plot XXIII Row E Grave 19

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